The hunting season is now closed.
In 2020 spring hunting, only for Common Quail (Summiena), was permitted between the 10th and the 30th of April (both dates included) from two hours before sunrise till 12pm every day of the season.
All other bird species were protected, including the Turtle-dove (Gamiema). To read more about spring hunting and how to report illegal hunting click on the tabs below.
Laws & reporting
Any illegalities during the closed and open seasons should be reported immediately to the police on 119, asking to be transferred through to the Administrative Law Enforcement (ALE) unit. Please then report to BirdLife Malta on 2134 7645/6 or on the emergency (out of office hours) number 7925 5697.
Every spring and autumn, Malta becomes a vital stepping stone for birds using this migratory route to move between European breeding and African wintering grounds and the islands act as a place to rest and regain fat supplies before continuing on these long and taxing journeys. Due to its strategic location on this key migration route, Malta has a long and impressive species list, totaling 389 species that have been recorded. Of these, over 170 occur with regularity on migration, in many cases in significant numbers.
Scientific ringing studies carried out by BirdLife Malta since the 1960s have shown that birds from at least 48 countries use Malta during migration. Malta also has an exceptionally high density of hunters and per square kilometre has the densest population of hunters in the European Union. Illegal hunting is a widespread and serious problem, with poachers specifically targeting raptors (birds of prey) and Herons as well as rare migratory birds such as the Greater Flamingo, Black Stork and Eurasian Spoonbill, among others. This persecution reaches its peak during migration periods.
Furthermore, illegal hunting continues throughout the year and it is primarily due to this intense persecution that Malta has the dubious distinction of being the only country in Europe and the Mediterranean with no regularly breeding birds of prey. Species such as the Barn Owl and the Eurasian Jackdaw have become locally extinct with the last breeding pairs known to have been shot by hunters. Since 2007, BirdLife Malta has been keeping a centralised database on illegal hunting and trapping incidents witnessed by BirdLife Malta staff, ornithologists, volunteers and members of the public known to the organisation. Other reports from unknown individuals and hearsay reports are not included in this database. An analysis of the database is published annually.
Spring hunting, only for Common Quail, this year was permitted between the 10th and the 30th of April 2020. A total of 6,148 hunters applied for the hunting licence.
Although in 2020 spring hunting was supposedly permitted only for Quail, the chosen dates for the season overlapped with the peak migration of the Turtle-dove. Despite being a protected species that is red-listed by the IUCN as vulnerable to extinction and currently exempt from spring hunting by a moratorium, the extension of the season further towards the end of April put migrating Turtle-doves at enormous risk from illegal hunting.
BirdLife Malta monitored the hunting season with the aim of reporting and documenting the killing of protected species, especially the Turtle-dove.
For more information about spring hunting in Malta and the differences between the huntable Quail and the protected Turtle-dove click here.
The autumn hunting season in Malta runs between 1st September and 31st January (both days included).
Hunting during autumn is permitted for 40 species from land and 12 species at sea. Of these, the Turtle Dove (Gamiema) can only be hunted between 1st September and 30th September. The overall bag limit for the last autumn hunting season (2019) for Turtle Dove was set at 7,000.
Want to know what is permitted or illegal during the autumn hunting season? Download our guidance sheet in Maltese or English for the autumn hunting season, with details about the season and photos of all 40 huntable species.